Goat Medications- Measurement Charts
Written by Administrator-GL   
Thursday, 17 July 2008

Medications - What You Need to Know

Make sure you read the packages of your medications and store them accordingly. Keep the stopper tops clean with alcohol before inserting the needle to withdraw medications. I find it helpful to write any instructions and dosage amounts right on the package, or on a post-it note attached to the package or bottle. The following charts will help you determine proper measurements and instructions.

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Approximate Measures   Weight & Pharmacy Equivalents   Medical Terminology: Abbreviations
Prescription Abbreviations  Dairy Goat Weight Chart 
Extra Label Drug Usage  Fluid Loss Estimate  Emergency Fluid Replacement
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Approximate Measures:
NOTE: 1ml is the same as 1cc
  • 20 drops = 1 ml = 1cc
  • 1 teaspoon = 5mls = 60grains = 60drops = 5grams
  • 1 tablespoon = 3tsp = 15mls = 1/2ounce = 15grams
  • 1 ounce = 30mls
  • 1 cup = 16TBSP = 1/2pint = 8 fluid oz = 250mls
  • 1 pint = 2cups = 16oz = 500mls
  • 1 liter = 1,000mls

  • Weight & Pharmacy Equivalents; Plus Abbreviations:
  • 1 mg (milligram) = 1/65 grain (gr)
  • 1mg = 1000 mcg ( micrograms)
  • 1,000 mg = 1 gram (g)
  • 1 gram (g)= 15.43 grains (15gr).
    NOTE: 1 gram weighs about the same as one regular paper clip
  • 1,000 g = 1 kilogram (kg) or 2.2 pounds(lb)
  • 1 grain (gr) = 0.065 gram = 60 mg
  • 1 ounce = 1/16 pound = 28.4 grams
  • 1 pound = 0.454 kg = 454 grams
  • 1 kg = 2.2 pounds = 1,000 grams

  • Medical Terminology: Abbreviations for Administering Medications:
  • amp. = ampule
  • a.d. = right ear
  • a.s. = left ear
  • a.u. = both ears
  • c. = with
  • cap. = capsule
  • disp. = dispense
  • IM = intramuscular injection (in the muscle)
  • IN = intranasal (in the nose)
  • IP = intraperitoneal (into the abdomen)
  • IV = intravenous injection (in the vein)
  • o.d. = right eye
  • o.s. = left eye
  • o.u. = both eyes
  • PO = orally
  • q.s. = a sufficient quantity
  • SubQ, SQ or SC = subcutaneous injection
  • susp. = suspension (liquid and dry mixture)
  • tab = tablet

  • Medical Terminology: Prescription Abbreviations:
  • a.c. = before meals
  • b.i.d. = twice a day (or every 12 hours)
  • h. = hour
  • h.s. = at bedtime
  • p.c. = after meals
  • PRN = as needed
  • q = every (as in q 4 hours)
  • q.i.d. = four times a day (or every 6 hours)
  • qld. = every day
  • qlw = every week
  • qod = every other day
  • s.i.d. = every day (once every 24 hours)
  • Sig.: = directions to patient
  • stat = immediately
  • t.i.d. = three times a day (or every 8 hours)
  • Ut dict. = as directed

  • Dairy Goat Weight Chart:
    This table show the weights of standard dairy goats by measuring with a weigh tape or regular measuring tape.. (If you don't have a measuring tape..take a length of bailing twine measure the goat and take the twine in the house and use a ruler, yardstick or carpenter's tape)
    Measure goat around the heart girth and hold tape fairly snug.

    measure heart girth

    Following measurements taken from the dairy goat weigh tape I purchased from Caprine Supply years ago.. It has worked well for me for my dairy goats.. For my Angoras I use the tape and take an inch off to accommodate the fleece.
    I don't believe this would give you an accurate weight for meat goats. I would go up an inch or so.
    Inches Pounds Inches Pounds Inches Pounds
    10 4 21 34 32 100
    11 5 22 38 33 106
    12 6.5 23 43.5 34 118
    13 7.5 24 50 35 128
    14 9.5 25 56 36 138
    15 11.5 26 62 37 148
    16 14 27 68 38 158
    17 18 28 74 39 168
    18 22 29 80 40 178
    19 26 30 86 41 188
    20 30 31 92 42 200

    For a Good Pygmy weight chart, visit Maxine Kinne's Pages

    Extra Label Drug Usage
    There is much research to license medications for approved usage in animals. Goats being considered a small percentage of the livestock community, the FDA often times does not research for usage in goats. This is why most of the products we use for treatment of goats is what is known as "Extra Label Usage" or "Off Label Usage". This does not mean the product is Unsafe or Ineffective for use with goats, but the FDA has not licensed the drug for a particular means of administration or dosage for goats. Dosages and methods of administration for use in goats has been determined by a combination of experience by goat owners and veterinarian guidance of veterinarians who specialize in caprine medicine.

    Fluid Loss Estimate:
    This is a simple guide to determine percentage of dehydration in kids based on body weight.
    % Fluid Loss   Physical Indication 
    0-5%   None 
    6%  Mouth dry-skin erect when pinched 
    10%  Body cold- unable to stand 
    12&  Flat on side- shock - near death 
    Above 12%  Death 

    The proper amount of replacement fluid required per day for a dehydrated kid is the percentage of the estimated fluid loss plus 10% of the body weight- which would be the daily requirement for daily maintenance. As an example:
    Take a 10 lb kid approaching 10% dehydration (based on your physical test as described above).This kid would need 500mls of replacement fluids just to replace the amount lost. In addition , the kid would need an additional 10% based on body weight- This case, the kid would need 1 liter of fluids per day to resume normal body fluids.

    Emergency Fluid Replacement:
      Formula #1
    • 1 package canning pectin
    • 10g potassium (NoSalt is potassium)
    • 10g baking soda
    • 1 beef bouillon cube dissolved in 200mls water
    • 10g sugar

    Add water until you have 2.5 liters. Divide this into 2 or 4 parts and give as only source of food for 1 to 2 days. Use half this formula and half milk the next day (day 3). Day 4 give the same total amount (2.5 liters) but use 1/4 formula and 3/4 milk. If the kid has improved, continue with 100% milk.
      Formula #2
    • 10g table salt
    • 5g baking soda
    • 120ml white karo syrup

    Add enough water to make 4.5 liters. Give this formula as total source for food for 2 days. (Use the estimate chart above to determine amount for kid and divide into 4 portions for the day.) Day 3 give 1/2 milk and 1/2 this formula. Day 4 1/4 formula and 3/4 milk. Continue with 100% milk if kid has improved.


    Last Updated ( Thursday, 09 October 2008 )