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Ivomec Plus Dewormer Print E-mail
Written by Administrator-GL   
Thursday, 24 July 2008

Ivomec Plus Dewormer for Cattle

NOTE: Use in Goats is Extra Label Use and dosage differs for goats as dose injection site

The dosage recommended for goats is 1cc/40lbs injected SubQ usually in the back leg)
Ivomec Plus Dewormer Milk Withdrawal: Residual concentrations for human consumption of Ivermectin were recovered in milk up to 11 days (oral treatment) or 25 days (subq treatment) post treatment. We use no withdrawal for kid consumption.


Extended Information:
(1% w/v ivermectin and 10% w/v clorsulon in a sterile solution)
NADA 140-833, Approved by the FDA
4130612, 413076, 413086
For the effective treatment and control of internal parasites, including adult liver flukes, and external parasites.

Consult your veterinarian for assistance in the diagnosis, treatment and control of parasitism.

INTRODUCTION
The ability of IVOMEC® (ivermectin) to deliver internal and external parasite control has been proven in cattle markets around the world. Now, Merial Limited combines ivermectin, the active ingredient of IVOMEC, with clorsulon, an effective adult flukicide.

A single injection of IVOMEC Plus (ivermectin and clorsulon) offers all the benefits of IVOMEC plus control of adult Fasciola hepatica.

The dosage level of clorsulon supplied by IVOMEC Plus is effective only against adult liver flukes (Fasciola hepatica).

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
IVOMEC Plus is a ready-to-use sterile solution containing 1% w/v ivermectin, 10% clorsulon, 40% glycerol formal, and propylene glycol, q.s. ad 100%. It is formulated to deliver the recommended dose level of 200 mcg ivermectin/kg and 2 mg clorsulon/kg given subcutaneously behind the shoulder at the rate of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight.
 
MODE OF ACTION
Ivermectin is a member of the macrocyclic lactone class of endectocides which have a unique mode of action. Compounds of the class bind selectively and with high affinity to glutamate-gated chloride ion channels which occur in invertebrate nerve and muscle cells. This leads to an increase in the permeability of the cell membrane to chloride ions with hyperpolarization of the nerve or muscle cell, resulting in paralysis and death of the parasite. Compounds of this class may also interact with other ligand-gated chloride channels, such as those gated by the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).

The margin of safety for compounds of this class is attributable to the fact that mammals do not have glutamate-gated chloride channels, the macrocyclic lactones have a low affinity for other mammalian ligand-gated chloride channels and they do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier.

Clorsulon is rapidly absorbed into the circulating blood. Erythrocytes with bound drug as well as plasma are ingested by Fasciola hepatica. Adult Fasciola hepatica are killed by clorsulon because of inhibition of enzymes in the glycolytic pathway, which is their primary source of energy.

INDICATIONS
IVOMEC Plus Injection is indicated for the effective treatment and control of the following parasites of cattle: Gastrointestinal Roundworms (adults and fourth-stage larvae): Ostertagia ostertagi (including inhibited O. ostertagi), O. lyrata, Haemonchus placei, Trichostrongylus axei, T. colubriformis, Cooperia oncophora, C. punctata, C. pectinata, Bunostomum phlebotomum, Nematodirus helvetianus (adults only), N. spathiger (adults only) and Oesophagostomum radiatum. Lungworms (adults and fourth-stage larvae): Dictyocaulus viviparus. Liver Flukes: Fasciola hepatica (adults only). Cattle Grubs (parasitic stages): Hypoderma bovis and H. lineatum. Sucking Lice: Linognathus vituli, Haematopinus eurysternus and Solenopotes capillatus. Mange Mites (cattle scab*): Psoroptes ovis (syn. P. communis var. bovis) and Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis.
 
Persistent Activity
IVOMEC Plus Injection has been proved to effectively control infections and to protect cattle from reinfection with Dictyocaulus viviparus and Oesophagostomum radiatum for 28 days after treatment; Ostertagia ostertagi, Trichostrongylus axei andCooperia punctata for 21 days after treatment;, Haemonchus placei, and Cooperia oncophora for 14 days after treatment.

*Ivermectin has been approved as a scabicide by USDA/APHIS. Federal regulations require that cattle infested with or exposed to scabies (i.e., infestations with Psoroptes ovis) be treated. Ivermectin when used according to label instructions meets this requirement. Treated cattle may be shipped interstate, but they must not be mixed with other cattle for 14 days following treatment. The federal regulations make no restriction on the movement of cattle not affected with or exposed to scabies. However, individual states have additional regulations to govern the interstate shipment of cattle and the regulatory veterinarian in the state of destination should be consulted for applicable regulations on the use of ivermectin in the control of scabies.

DOSAGE
IVOMEC® Plus should be given only by subcutaneous injection at a dose volume of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight. This volume will deliver 10 mg ivermectin and 100 mg clorsulon. For example:

Body Weight (lb)

Dose (mL)

220

2

330

3

440

4

550

5

660

6

770

7

880

8

990

9

1100

10

ADMINISTRATION
IVOMEC Plus (ivermectin and clorsulon) Injection is to be given subcutaneously only. Animals should be appropriately restrained to achieve the proper route of administration. Use of a 16-gauge, 1/2" to 3/4" sterile needle is recommended. Inject the solution subcutaneously (under the skin) behind the shoulder (see illustration).
 Any single-dose syringe or standard automatic syringe equipment may be used with the 50 mL pack size. When using the 200 mL, 500 mL or pack size, use only automatic syringe equipment.

Use sterile equipment and sanitize the injection site by applying a suitable disinfectant. Clean, properly disinfected needles should be used to reduce the potential for injection site infections.

No special handling or protective clothing is necessary.

The viscosity of the product increases in cool temperatures. Administering IVOMEC Plus at temperatures of 5°C (41°F) or below may be difficult. Users can make dosing easier by warming both the product and injection equipment to about 15°C (59°F).

ANIMAL SAFETY
In breeding animals (bulls and cows), ivermectin and clorsulon used at the recommended level had no effect on breeding performance.
 
WARNING
NOT FOR USE IN HUMANS.
Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information. To report adverse effects, obtain an MSDS or for assistance, contact Merial at 1-888-637-4251.

 

RESIDUE INFORMATION: Do not treat cattle within 49 days of slaughter. Because a withdrawal time in milk has not been established, do not use in female dairy cattle of breeding age. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal.

 
 
PRECAUTIONS
Transitory discomfort has been observed in some cattle following subcutaneous administration. Soft-tissue swelling at the injection site has also been observed. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. Divide doses greater than 10 mL between two injection sites to reduce occasional discomfort or site reaction. Different injection sites should be used for other parenteral products.

IVOMEC Plus Injection has been developed specifically for use in cattle only. This product should not be used in other animal species as severe adverse reactions, including fatalities in dogs, may result.

For subcutaneous injection in cattle only.

This product is not for intravenous or intramuscular use.

Restricted Drug - use only as directed (California).

When to Treat Cattle with Grubs
IVOMEC Plus effectively controls all stages of cattle grubs. However, proper timing of treatment is important. For most effective results, cattle should be treated as soon as possible after the end of the heel fly (warble fly) season.

Destruction of Hypoderma larvae (cattle grubs) at the period when these grubs are in vital areas may cause undesirable host-parasite reactions including the possibility of fatalities. Killing Hypoderma lineatum when it is in the tissue surrounding the esophagus (gullet) may cause bloat; killing H. bovis when it is in the vertebral canal may cause staggering or paralysis. These reactions are not specific to treatment with IVOMEC Plus, but can occur with any successful treatment of grubs. Cattle should be treated either before or after stages or grub development. Consult your veterinarian concerning the proper time for treatment.

Cattle treated with IVOMEC Plus after the end of the heel fly season may be retreated with ivermectin during the winter for internal parasites, mange mites or sucking lice, without danger of grub-related reactions. A planned parasite control program is recommended.

Protect product from light.

Environmental Safety
Studies indicate that when ivermectin comes in contact with soil it readily and tightly binds to the soil and becomes inactive over time. Free ivermectin may adversely affect fish and certain aquatic organisms. Do not permit water runoff from feedlots to enter lakes, streams or ponds. Do not contaminate water by direct application or by improper disposal of drug containers. Dispose of containers in an approved landfill or by incineration.

As with other avermectins, ivermectin is excreted in the dung of treated animals and can inhibit the reproduction and growth of pest and beneficial insects that use dung as a source of food and for reproduction. The magnitude and duration of such effects are species and life-cycle specific. When used according to label directions, the product is not expected to have an adverse impact on populations of dung-dependent insects.

HOW SUPPLIED
IVOMEC® Plus Injection is available in four ready-to-use pack sizes:

The 50 mL pack is a multiple-dose, rubber-capped bottle. Each bottle contains sufficient solution to treat 10 head of 550 lb (250 kg) cattle.

The 200 mL pack is a soft, collapsible pack designed for use with automatic syringe equipment. Each pack contains sufficient solution to treat 40 head of 550 lb (250 kg) cattle.

The 500 mL pack is a soft, collapsible pack designed for use with automatic syringe equipment. Each pack contains sufficient solution to treat 100 head of 550 lb (250 kg) cattle.

The 1000 mL pack is a soft, collapsible pack designed for use with automatic syringe equipment. Each pack contains sufficient solution to treat 200 head of 550 lb (250 kg) cattle.



Last Updated ( Thursday, 24 July 2008 )
 
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The information in this website; Goat-Link.com, is not meant to substitute regular veterinarian visits- I am not a veterinarian - the information here is derived from my research and personal experience and is meant to be informational and not to replace your veterinarian.

 
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