Main Menu
Home
Emergency Goat Care
Goat Physiology
Goat Vital Signs
Heat Stress Goats
Goat Glossary of Terms
Goat Meds Conversions
Goat Medications
Goat Carol of the Bells
Goat Blood Values
!ALERT! Frigid Weather Care
Wind Chill Chart
Mineral Resources USA Interactive Maps
Share Goat-Link
Bookmark and Share
FaceBook
Visit GetYerGoat on FaceBook
Visit GetYerGoat on FaceBook

goatlady on facebook
Visit goatlady on Facebook
MuffinsHalo.com

Blessings for Blind Dogs
Silvie Bordeaux
www.muffinshalo.com
Pet WheelChair
Make your Own Disabled Pet Walker
goatlady & GetYerGoat
on Google+
PayPal Donate

If the information in this site has been of help to you and your goats, Donations are always welcome (and much appreciated) to help the cost of my rescue goats.. Thank you and God Bless!  goatlady
 
goatlady's Goats
The Story of BabyGirl
Christmas Exodus 1997
The Gift of the "Old One"
Fallen Trees
Moving Goats to MO
Dream Partner
BabyGirl's Birthday

Full Sized Video Here
Emergency Goat Care
Med-A-Goat911­™
Is My Goat Sick?
Abscesses (CL in Goats)
Administering SQ Fluids
Anaphylactic Shock
Anemia Eye Color Chart
Bloat in Goats
BottleJaw in the Goat
Broken Goat Horn
Goat with Broken Leg
Goat Electrolytes
CMT Mastitis Test
Goat Enterotoxemia
Emergency Euthanasia Goats
How to give a Goat Injections
Goat Kidding
Goat Meds And Supplies
Goat Polio or Listeriosis?
Treating Goat Pneumonia
Poisonous Plants Cornell
Poisonous Plants (photos)
Poisonous Plants in Texas
Goat Scours
Tube Feed Adult Goat
Urinary Calculi (UC) Male Goats
AllExperts
Pregnancy/Kidding
Goat Abortion
Kidding and Breeding
Kidding Calculator
Goat Birth Defects
Fetal Development
Goat Fetal Positions
Ketosis-Hypocalcemia
SwingBaby
Goat Breeding Season
Milking a Goat
Gangrene Mastitis
Baby Goat
Birth Chill Baby Goat
Bottle Feeding Baby Goats
Colostrum Information
Milk VS Replacers
Digestion Baby Goat
Baby Goat Scouring
Enema for Baby Goats
Disbudding Baby Goats
Goat Castration-Band Method
Goat Kids and Tapeworms
Tube Feeding A Kid Goat
Quick Kidding Pen
Water Bottles-Red Urine
Swing Baby Technique

Baa Baa Boutique
Best of Zazzle on Pinterest
Visit my Pinterest Page
Goat Parasites
Goat DeWorming Info
Goat Gastro-Intestinal Parasites
Coccidiosis in Goats
Liver Fluke in Goats
Ivomec Plus Dewormer
Safe-Guard vs Ivomec Plus
Anthelmintic Chart
Fecal Testing TriQuestBoers
Goat Parasites
External Goat Parasites
Animated Tapeworm Lifecycle
Goat External Parasites- Mites
MidAmerica Internal Parasites
Feeding & Nutrition
Goat Digestion
How to Feed Goats
Goat Minerals
Copper and Goats
Body Condition Scoring
Feeding Goats
How a Goat Digests Feed
Meat Goat Nutrition
Nutrient Requirements
US Mineral Maps
Vitamin/Mineral Functions
Bucks & Wethers
Aggressive Bucks
How to: Hold Buck for Oral Meds
(UC) Goats
Goat Pizzle Rot
Goat Castration-Band Method
Goat Articles
Goat Health Articles
Goat Terms and Symptoms
Goat Rx
Pneumonia in Goats
Myotonic Goats
Dehydration in Goats
Bloat in Goats
Make a Quick Goat Shelter
Using Formalin for CL Goats
Goat Hoof Trimming
Sore Mouth in Goats
Cornell Consultant
How to: Oral Meds- Adult Goat
How to: Oral Meds- Kid Goat
Arthritis in Goats
Biology of the Goat
Goat Shows Listings
Goat Show Supplies
Diseases Caused by Bacteria
Goat Vaccination Schedule
Vaccines Multi Use (8 Way)
Winter Care for Goats
Wind Chill Chart
Maggidan's Minis Farm Pygmy Info
Goat Surgery
Goat Surgical Procedures
Home Butchering Goats
Syndicate
Goat-Link News

Visit GetYerGoat at
goatlady and babygirl - link to GetYerGoat Posterous
Posterous


If the information in this site has been of help to you and your goats, Donations are always welcome to help with the cost of running of my rescue goats. Thank you and God Bless!

StumbleUpon
My StumbleUpon Page

Join the GetYerGoat™ newsletter, and get the latest news from our Goat Gift Shop delivered directly to your inbox!

Cattle and livestock animal health products at low prices with same day and free shipping on qualifying orders.

Admin CONTACT: goatlady@Goat-Link.com

Newsflash

Goat T-shirts GetYerGoat.com is the internet's largest and most popular place to find goat t-shirts and gifts for goat lovers

The information in this website; Goat-Link.com, is not meant to substitute regular veterinarian visits- I am not a veterinarian - the information here is derived from my research and personal experience and is meant to be informational and not to replace your veterinarian.
 

Love and Valentines
Arthritis in Goats Print E-mail
Written by Administrator-GL   
Monday, 10 September 2007

Diagnosing and Treating Arthritis in Goats

How Arthritis Starts

A normal healthy goat has quite flexible joints. The ends of their bones, where they connect to form joints, are covered with cartilage. Cartilage is a natural padder and shock absorber between the bones. So cartilage protects the joints from wear and tear. In addition to cartilage, there are many muscles, ligaments and a natural lubricant called synovial fluid in the joints. When the ligaments, muscles or articular cartilage gets damaged, the animal feels inflammation and pain. Old age also makes a goat more prone to arthritis.

Causes

Arthritis in goats may be caused many ways. Trauma, bacterial infection, nutritional problems, old age, genetics and congested living arrangements are some of the reasons.

Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) is particularly deadly. It affects the synovial fluid with many other internal organs. It normally causes arthritis in adult goats. The most commonly affected joints in goats are carpal and tarsal joints. It spreads mostly from an infected mother to her kid at the time of birth. CAEV can be inactivated by heating colostrum at 56 degrees C (133 degrees F) for 60 minutes. Do this in a double boiler as direct heat will make it curdle and become like heavy pudding.

Milk also needs to be heat treated before feeding to the kids- pasteurize milk Milk is pasteurized by heating it to about 145°F (63°C) for 30 to 45 minutes or by the "flash method" of heating to 160°F (71°C) for 15 sec, followed by rapid cooling to below 40°F (10°C), Store goat milk at 34°F if possible. 

Types of Goat Arthritis

There are different kinds of goat arthritis, depending on the source of the inflammation. Some of these are named below.

  • Traumatic Arthritis: Goats are very active and often incur sprains or ligament tears. The symptoms of traumatic goat arthritis include sudden limping and puffy joints.
  • Viral Arthritis: Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) causes chronic arthritus in goats. It affect a very large number of goats every year world wide. Mycoplasmas is another kind of virus that affects goats world wide.
  • Bacterial Arthritis: Generally open wounds over joints lead to bacterial infection. Such injuries should be looked after immediately. In case of young kids, polyarthritis may occur. Proper hygiene should be maintained in and around the habitat of goats.
  • Nutritional Arthritis: Nutritional arthritis is caused by an imbalance in the diet. Whenever there is an overdose of calcium in the diet, the excessive calcium gets deposited in the joints and causes pain and inflammation.
  • Osteoarthritis:
    This is the arthritis of old age, due to the normal wear and tear on joints, Also called degenerative arthritis

Symptoms and Signs of Onset

Depending on the causes, the signs and symptoms of goat arthritis may differ. Some of the signs are stiffness, lameness, decreased movement, reluctance to rise, weight loss, abnormal gait, acute swellings without pain in the joints, reduction in milk yield and poor hair coat. These signs indicate the painful conditions of arthritis. The life of a goat can be very miserable.

Stages in Goat Arthritis

Affected joints are swollen and warm to the touch at the start of bacterial and traumatic arthritis. In the onset of viral or nutritional arthritis, there may be no apparent symptoms. Some subtle signs like reluctance to rise, limping or not using some limbs could indicate early symptoms to watch. Lameness and substantial reduction in movement occur in later stages of all these types of arthritis.

Diagnosis and Treatment

As soon as above mentioned signs and symptoms appear, consult a veterinarian. Examining the joint fluid can determine whether goat is suffering from bacterial arthritis, viral arthritis, traumatic arthritis or nutritional arthritis. Radiographs may also be used to determine the extent of nutritional or traumatic arthritis. Serologic testing is used to determine arthritis due to CAEV. Indirect enzyme linked immunosorbant assays (ELISA) test is used to detect the CAEV antibodies in the goat milk.

After a correct diagnosis, treatment should follow a doctor’s instructions. Antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tylosin and tetracycline are quite effective in controlling and recovering from goat arthritis. Physical movement should be avoided during recovery from traumatic arthritis. CAEV is dangerous because there is no cure for it.

How to Care for Arthritic Goats

Prevention is always better than cure. The different medicines and treatments cannot replace a sincere and expert caretaker. Proper management of the habitat and proper cleanliness are helpful. A controlled diet, and soft floor—such as one made from sand or straw—should be provided to the bucks and milk producing goats. The habitat should not be crowded.

Arthritis due to CAEV is not curable. However some preventive measure may be helpful. Closed herd status should be maintained. Proper diet, clean and soft flooring, regular foot trimming and regular administration of NSAIDs are helpful. Every six months all the goats of the herd should be tested for CAEV infection.

Kids should be prevent from getting infected just after birth. Their navals should be dressed with iodine. The newborn should not be fed its mothers’ milk if she is already infected with CAEV. Boiling this milk at 56 degree-celsius for one hour makes this milk safe for the baby.

Goats suffering from traumatic arthritis should be separated from the herd. Its movements should be restricted. The affected joint should be dressed. Open wounds should be properly cleaned and dressed to avoid infections. Bucks should be fed hay only or they may acquire nutritional arthritis.

With osteoarthritis, some sources indicate that there may be a genetic link to this type of arthritis. Diets high in phosphorus and low in calcium or a diet which includes excessive grain may contribute to the problem as well.

Read more about CAEV:
Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis: Introduction

Last Updated ( Monday, 01 September 2008 )
 
< Prev   Next >
Goatladys Goats's Facebook Profile

Visit our Fine Sponsors

Place Your Banner Here- Affordable Advertising

The information in this website; Goat-Link.com, is not meant to substitute regular veterinarian visits- I am not a veterinarian - the information here is derived from my research and personal experience and is meant to be informational and not to replace your veterinarian.

 
 Seitenanfang