Main Menu
Home
Emergency Goat Care
Goat Physiology
Goat Vital Signs
Heat Stress Goats
Goat Glossary of Terms
Goat Meds Conversions
Goat Medications
Goat Carol of the Bells
Goat Blood Values
!ALERT! Frigid Weather Care
Wind Chill Chart
Mineral Resources USA Interactive Maps
Share Goat-Link
Bookmark and Share
FaceBook
Visit GetYerGoat on FaceBook
Visit GetYerGoat on FaceBook

goatlady on facebook
Visit goatlady on Facebook
MuffinsHalo.com

Blessings for Blind Dogs
Silvie Bordeaux
www.muffinshalo.com
Pet WheelChair
Make your Own Disabled Pet Walker
goatlady & GetYerGoat
on Google+
PayPal Donate

If the information in this site has been of help to you and your goats, Donations are always welcome (and much appreciated) to help the cost of my rescue goats.. Thank you and God Bless!  goatlady
 
goatlady's Goats
The Story of BabyGirl
Christmas Exodus 1997
The Gift of the "Old One"
Fallen Trees
Moving Goats to MO
Dream Partner
BabyGirl's Birthday

Full Sized Video Here
Emergency Goat Care
Med-A-Goat911­™
Is My Goat Sick?
Abscesses (CL in Goats)
Administering SQ Fluids
Anaphylactic Shock
Anemia Eye Color Chart
Bloat in Goats
BottleJaw in the Goat
Broken Goat Horn
Goat with Broken Leg
Goat Electrolytes
CMT Mastitis Test
Goat Enterotoxemia
Emergency Euthanasia Goats
How to give a Goat Injections
Goat Kidding
Goat Meds And Supplies
Goat Polio or Listeriosis?
Treating Goat Pneumonia
Poisonous Plants Cornell
Poisonous Plants (photos)
Poisonous Plants in Texas
Goat Scours
Tube Feed Adult Goat
Urinary Calculi (UC) Male Goats
AllExperts
Pregnancy/Kidding
Goat Abortion
Kidding and Breeding
Kidding Calculator
Goat Birth Defects
Fetal Development
Goat Fetal Positions
Ketosis-Hypocalcemia
SwingBaby
Goat Breeding Season
Milking a Goat
Gangrene Mastitis
Baby Goat
Birth Chill Baby Goat
Bottle Feeding Baby Goats
Colostrum Information
Milk VS Replacers
Digestion Baby Goat
Baby Goat Scouring
Enema for Baby Goats
Disbudding Baby Goats
Goat Castration-Band Method
Goat Kids and Tapeworms
Tube Feeding A Kid Goat
Quick Kidding Pen
Water Bottles-Red Urine
Swing Baby Technique

Baa Baa Boutique
Best of Zazzle on Pinterest
Visit my Pinterest Page
Goat Parasites
Goat DeWorming Info
Goat Gastro-Intestinal Parasites
Coccidiosis in Goats
Liver Fluke in Goats
Ivomec Plus Dewormer
Safe-Guard vs Ivomec Plus
Anthelmintic Chart
Fecal Testing TriQuestBoers
Goat Parasites
External Goat Parasites
Animated Tapeworm Lifecycle
Goat External Parasites- Mites
MidAmerica Internal Parasites
Feeding & Nutrition
Goat Digestion
How to Feed Goats
Goat Minerals
Copper and Goats
Body Condition Scoring
Feeding Goats
How a Goat Digests Feed
Meat Goat Nutrition
Nutrient Requirements
US Mineral Maps
Vitamin/Mineral Functions
Bucks & Wethers
Aggressive Bucks
How to: Hold Buck for Oral Meds
(UC) Goats
Goat Pizzle Rot
Goat Castration-Band Method
Goat Articles
Goat Health Articles
Goat Terms and Symptoms
Goat Rx
Pneumonia in Goats
Myotonic Goats
Dehydration in Goats
Bloat in Goats
Make a Quick Goat Shelter
Using Formalin for CL Goats
Goat Hoof Trimming
Sore Mouth in Goats
Cornell Consultant
How to: Oral Meds- Adult Goat
How to: Oral Meds- Kid Goat
Arthritis in Goats
Biology of the Goat
Goat Shows Listings
Goat Show Supplies
Diseases Caused by Bacteria
Goat Vaccination Schedule
Vaccines Multi Use (8 Way)
Winter Care for Goats
Wind Chill Chart
Maggidan's Minis Farm Pygmy Info
Goat Surgery
Goat Surgical Procedures
Home Butchering Goats
Syndicate
Goat-Link News

Visit GetYerGoat at
goatlady and babygirl - link to GetYerGoat Posterous
Posterous


If the information in this site has been of help to you and your goats, Donations are always welcome to help with the cost of running of my rescue goats. Thank you and God Bless!

StumbleUpon
My StumbleUpon Page

Join the GetYerGoat™ newsletter, and get the latest news from our Goat Gift Shop delivered directly to your inbox!

Cattle and livestock animal health products at low prices with same day and free shipping on qualifying orders.

Admin CONTACT: goatlady@Goat-Link.com

Newsflash

Goat T-shirts GetYerGoat.com is the internet's largest and most popular place to find goat t-shirts and gifts for goat lovers

The information in this website; Goat-Link.com, is not meant to substitute regular veterinarian visits- I am not a veterinarian - the information here is derived from my research and personal experience and is meant to be informational and not to replace your veterinarian.
 
Baby Goat Digestion Print E-mail
Written by Administrator-GL   
Friday, 21 March 2008

Baby Kids and Digestion:

Goats are ruminants, meaning that have a 4 chambered stomach and chew cuds. Often times referred to as having 4 stomachs. The baby kid is born as a Monogastric animal - meaning one stomach. This is not to say it only "has" one stomach but utilizes only one of it's four stomachs. The intestinal system of this young neonate is sterile at birth. Within a few hours after birth, bacteria from the baby's environment begin to colonize in the intestines. The neonate is also born with no immune system of it's own, relying completely on the dam for antibodies to keep it from getting sick. The neonatal kid goat derives all of it's antibodies from the colostrum the dam supplies during the first 24 hours of life.
compare adult goat stomach to baby goat stomach
Colostrum is primarily utilized by the body before the intestines and populated by bacteria. The actual epithilial cells that line the intestinal walls are able to absorb serum immunoglobulin G (IgG)1 while they are still Unpopulated by bacteria. They are able to absorb these intact macromolecules which make up the colostrum antibody and nutritional composition. This process is called 'pinocytosis'.2 . In simple words; the ability to be absorbed into the body for nutritional and antibiotic means. Once the bacteria enter the digestive system, which is normal and necessary, this process of pinocytosis can no longer take place. This loss of the ability of the neonatal digestive system to absorb immunoglobulins is commonly called "closure". It is thought to be directly related to the maturity of the digestive tract via this bacterial population of the intestine. What does this teach us? It is imperative to get quality colostrum into the neonatal stomach within 24 hours of life outside the womb. What does the colostrum do for the neonate after the first 24 hours is up? Even though the digestive system can no longer utilize the antibodies, the colostrum continues to bathe the intestinal walls with IgG, making it more difficult for dangerous bacteria to attach itself to the intestinal wall therefore reducing the occurrence of scouring in the neonate for the first month.

This shows the placement of the rumino reticular groove which allows the milk to flow directly into the abomasum. If milk gets into the rumen where it will not be digested because the rumen is not yet functioning in a neonate goat, it will sit and go toxic. Drinking milk from a bowl does not allow for the rumino reticular groove to signal to close, this is why baby goats are made to lift the head up to get the milk- and this should be mimicked when bottle feeding the baby goat.
Refer to this article on feeding baby goats: Bottle feeding Baby Goats

Feeding Baby Goats Grain or Goat Feed

Remember that concentrated feeds such as sweet feed, COB, goat chow, or any pelleted concentrated feed is difficult for a baby goat to digest because the rumen is not yet fully developed and will not be fully functional for the first 6 months of life. If you must feed grain or sweet feed below is a chart to use as reference but must be adjusted accordingly. If you baby goats begin to have scours - cut back. Personally I feed my baby goats their bottles or allow them to be dam raised until weaned which is usually around 4-6 months of age and they are offered and eat fresh high quality hay, which they will begin to pick and chew sometimes as early as a few days old. This picking at and chewing the hay begins to develop the rumen for future digestion. Adding too much sweet feed or concentrated feed such as pellets or goat chow can throw a baby goat into digestive upset.
Baby Goat Grain Chart GUIDE
WEIGHT (in lbs) GRAIN (or goat feed)
5 1/2 oz
7 1oz
10 2 oz
15 2 oz
20 3 oz
25 3 oz
30 4 oz
40 5 oz
50 6 oz

Digestion of the Kid Goat

When a goat kid is born, its rumen, reticulum and omasum are very tiny and not useful.  The goat kid depends on a liquid, milk, not roughage for its feed source.  When the kid swallows milk, the milk goes directly to the abomasum through the esophageal groove. Everytime the kid swallows, a flap of skin at the entrance to the rumen folds over to form a grove that bypasses the rumen and sends the milk straight to the abomasum to be digested by stomach acid.  As the kid gets older,  he starts trying to consume roughage.  The rumen becomes active and starts to enlarge.  Its population of micro-organisms increases. The reticulum and omasum also respond to the changes in diet by getting bigger.  By the time the kid is an adult goat, roughage is his main source of food and his rumen is far larger than his abomasum.

 

The goat is a member of a class of animals called ruminants.  These animals ruminate (chew their cud).  Unlike us, they have special four-compartment stomachs especially designed to digest roughage (food high in fiber) such as grass, hay and silage.  

The goat’s stomach has four chambers: 1) the rumen, 2) the honey-combed reticulum, 3) the omasum, and 4) the abomasum or true stomach.  The size relationship of the four chambers changes as the animal grows up.  The abomasum gets proportionally smaller.  To understand why this happens, let’s consider the function of each compartment and then review the goat’s diet.

1) The rumen acts as a big fermentation vat.  Bacteria and protozoa in the rumen supply enzymes to break down the fiber in the goat’s feed.  This is similar to how bacteria can ferment the sugars in grape juice to make wine in big wine barrels.  The tiny organisms in the rumen also help to build proteins from the feed and manufacture all of the B vitamins needed by the goat.  Many nutrients that help provide the goat with energy are also absorbed here.  The fermentation process produces heat that helps to keep the goat warm. 

When roughage is eaten by the adult goat, it is chewed on, soaked with saliva, and then swallowed.  This bolus of food is called “the cud”.  It goes down into the rumen to be attacked and broken down or digested by the micro-organisms. At regular intervals the cud is brought back up to the goat’s mouth to be chewed on some more and then swallowed again.  This entire process is called rumination.  If you watch the goat’s neck carefully, you can see him swallow and later regurgitate his cud.  The goat will often burp to get rid of the gas produced by all the fermentation going on in his rumen.  You can really smell the fermentation process on his breath.  If something causes the goat to stop being able to burp up the gases, the gas will build up and bloat or swell up his rumen and he may become very sick with “bloat”.

2)  Once the food particles of cud become small enough, they pass to the second compartment or reticulum.  Here any foreign objects that may have been accidentally swallowed with the feed settle out in the honeycomb structure of the reticulum’s  walls.  Another name for the reticulum is the  “hardware stomach”.

3)  The fermenting particles then pass on to the omasum.  The omasum removes the water from them and also absorbs more nutrients called volatile fatty acids that help supply the goat with energy.

4)  The particles are then forced into the abomasum or true stomach.  Here, the particles are digested by the stomach acid, hydrochloric acid (HCl).  This form of digestion is the same as what occurs in our stomachs.

The remaining particles are then passed on to the small intestine where most of the nutrients are absorbed by the body and made available to the goat.

 

Last Updated ( Saturday, 02 May 2009 )
 
< Prev   Next >
Goatladys Goats's Facebook Profile

Visit our Fine Sponsors

Place Your Banner Here- Affordable Advertising

The information in this website; Goat-Link.com, is not meant to substitute regular veterinarian visits- I am not a veterinarian - the information here is derived from my research and personal experience and is meant to be informational and not to replace your veterinarian.

 
 Seitenanfang